Khulna is one of a division of Bangladesh. It situated at South Western side of the country. Following Rangamati, Chattagram and Bandarban; it is the fourth largest Bangladeshis city. It is a popular destination of travelers due to the largest mangrove forest in the world “Sundarbans”. Due to the “Port of Mongla”, strategically it locates in an important position of the country. Also to mention that Khulna has a rich history. Notably, throughout history, many iconic people were born here.
The Naming of Khulna:
There are many theories behind the naming of Khulna. However, it differs in the different historical period. In summary, based on the research of specialists, few mentioned below.
First, “Khulna” was the name of a rich businessman’s second wife. He established a Hindu temple “Khunleshswari Temple”. Some said this temple was the source of “Khulna” name. Second, “Khulna” was sourced from the rescued record “Culnea” by “Falmouth” ship sailors in 1766. Third, on the British map, it was mentioned as “Jessore-Culna”. Some specialists cite that it was the source of Khulna’s name.
Establishment of Khulna:
Southern Area under different Empires:
Old Khulna city was a state under the Banga or Shomotot. During the 12th century at the period of Raja Bollal Sen, Khulna came under Sen Empire. Raja Bollal Sen, include this area within Bangla and renamed it as “Bagari”. Particularly Bagari is known as “Jalalabad”.
During the 14th century, Shamsuddin Firoz Shah won this region area as the first Muslim ruler and expand Muslim culture in this region. Most noteworthy, that in the 15th Century, Khan Jahan Ali (Rh) came in this area and spread the Islamic message in this area. After his death, this area became part of Bengal Saltanat again. During the 16th Century, Daud Khan Karrani was the ruler of this region. While he engaged to fight against Mughal, one of his minister Bikramaditto declared himself as the king. After his death, Pratapaditto replaced his place. Eventually, he lost this region to Mughal. In war lead by Mughal war leader Man Singh in 1611.
British and Pakistan Period
Since 1611, this region directed by Independent Bengal Nabab’s. During 1793, British East India Company took control of this state. To check the born of Khulna Municipality, it found that previously Khulna Municipality was under Murla Thana of Jessore district. Later, a new thana created in the name of Noyabad by cutting Sundarban. It was either in 1781 or 1836. During 1842, first Khulna Mohkuma established. The first administrator of this Mohkuma was Deputy Mr. Shore and second Hakim of Mohkuma was Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. Following that in 1882, Khulna district was born. First district magistrate of Khulna was Mr. W.N. Clay.
After the independence of Bangladesh:
After independence, this region declared as a municipal corporation in 1984. Following that in 1991, Khulna announced as the “City Corporation”.
Geographical Location & Other Details:
The size of Khulna district is 4395 sq km. It’s situated in between 21°41′ and 23°00′ north latitudes and in between 89°14′ and 89°45′ east longitudes. Thereby, it has the Bay of Bengal on the South, Bagerhat on the East, Satkhira on the West and Jessore & Narail on the North. Also, Khulna border is connected with the West Bengal border.
As it is close to the sea, so during summer season humidity remain high in Khulna. Meanwhile, in March – June, Khulna sees a fury side of weather while hitting by some serious cyclones.. However, during winter Khulna weather becomes dry and it turns into a very comfortable place to live in.
The average temperature of Khulna: 26.3-degree celsius
(Summer: 34.3 degrees celsius, winter: 12.4-degree celsius)
Yearly average rain:
1809.4 millimeter (84% of this rain experienced from May – October)
Rivers are a very significant part of this city. The availability of rivers and sea certainly made this region very important economic point of view. Major rivers of this area are Poshur, Vodra, Bhoirob, Shibsha, Kazibacha, Kopotakkho, Atrai, Sholmari, and Shutarkhali.
Demography and District Information:
Size: 4395 Sq. Km
Total Population: 2378971
Density: 541 (per Sq. KM)
Literacy Rate: 57.81%
Religion Wise Population:
- Muslim: 18,21,119
- Hindu: 5,40,693
- Buddhist: 15,818
- Others: 1,052
- Christian: 289
Major Educational Institutes:
KAU – Khulna Agricultural University (KAU)
KU – Khulna University (KU)
KUET- Khulna University of Engineering & Technology (KUET)
Khulna is the third-largest economic zone of Bangladesh. As the division, it has all the required administrative presence within the region, including special Sundarban related officials. Since 1950’s Khulna becomes an attractive location for an industrial establishment. It became a hub of many Jute mills. Meanwhile, the core economic strength of this area is agriculture. However, industrialization is seeing a strong escalation as well.
A major source of earning in Khulna:
Agriculture Activity: 34.90%,
Non-Agricultural Labor Activity: 6.22%,
Industrial Activity 3.51%,
Business-related activity: 19.60%,
Transportation service: 5.17%,
Construction-related work: 1.99%,
Other activities 12.33%
Due to a massive improvement in the transportation system in Khulna, it saw enormous growth in the jute industry. However, the Port of Mongla boosts overall businesses in there eventually. From 1950 to 1971, in total 17 jute industries established there. Some of the major jute mills were: People’s Jute Mills Ltd., Mohsin Jute Mills Ltd., Eastern Jute Mills Ltd., O Afil Jute Mills Ltd. And many more. Furthermore, after independence, It became the hub of Shrimp production. Since then more than 50 major Shrimp business entity established. Also, Shipward business established here. Although it struggled previously, however it turned around to be profitable. Meanwhile, Khulna Shipyard signed pen to export ships from here.
The media industry of this region is mostly based on newspapers and Radio stations. Some newspapers of Khulna are well established while apart from Government-owned radio stations others started operation after 2005.
Daily Probaho, Daily Rupsa, Daily Purbanchal, Daily Mail, Daily Kalantor, Daily juger Sathi etc.
- Radio Foorti – 88.0 FM,
- Bangladesh Betar (Khulna) – 106.5 FM
- Radio Today – 89.60 FM
- Radio Khulna – 88.8 FM
Ruler & Religion Preacher:
Khan Jahan Ali
Sheikh Razzak Ali
Abdus Sabur Khan
Prafulla Chandra Sen
S M Mostafa Rushidi Suja
Fighter & revolutionaries
Michel Modhushadan Datt
Acharjo Profullo Chandra Ray
Media Personality & Journalist:
Sadika Parvin Popy
Puja Cherry Roy
Manjural Islam Rana-
Mehedi Hasan Miraj
Sundarbans: It is the largest mangrove forest in the world. Also, it is the home of Royal Bengal Tiger.
Dakkindihi Village (Rabindra Complex): It was a residence of Rabindranath Tagore’s father in law.
Khan Jahan Ali Bridge: This bridge is situated over Rupsha Bridge. It’s a nice place to pass your leisure time.
Furthermore, some other notable place of the region is to visit is Khulna Divisional Museum, Bharata Bhayana, Bakultala, Deputy Commissioner’s Bungalow and Pithavog
All the information of this article collected from free online sources. If you have any query or feedback on this article, let us know @hal-khata facebook page.